enforcement-of-parenting-time.php


Current Laws:

OREGON:

§ 107.434¹ 
Expedited parenting time enforcement procedure
  • • fees
  • • remedies

(1)The presiding judge of each judicial district shall establish an expedited parenting time enforcement procedure that may or may not include a requirement for mediation. The procedure must be easy to understand and initiate. Unless the parties otherwise agree, the court shall conduct a hearing no later than 45 days after the filing of a motion seeking enforcement of a parenting time order. The court shall charge a filing fee of $50, subject to waiver or deferral of the fee under ORS 21.680 (Definitions for ORS 21.680 to 21.698) to 21.698 (Confidentiality of information related to waiver or deferral). The court shall provide forms for:

(a)A motion filed by either party alleging a violation of parenting time or substantial violations of the parenting plan. When a person files this form, the person must include a copy of the order establishing the parenting time.

(b)An order requiring the parties to appear and show cause why parenting time should not be enforced in a specified manner. The party filing the motion shall serve a copy of the motion and the order on the other party. The order must include:

(A)A notice of the remedies imposable under subsection (2) of this section and the availability of a waiver of any mediation requirement; and

(B)A notice in substantially the following form:

______________________________________________________________________________

When pleaded and shown in a separate legal action, violation of court orders, including visitation and parenting time orders, may also result in a finding of contempt, which can lead to fines, imprisonment or other penalties, including compulsory community service.

______________________________________________________________________________

(c)A motion, affidavit and order that may be filed by either party and providing for waiver of any mediation requirement on a showing of good cause.

(2)In addition to any other remedy the court may impose to enforce the provisions of a judgment relating to the parenting plan, the court may:

(a)Modify the provisions relating to the parenting plan by:

(A)Specifying a detailed parenting time schedule;

(B)Imposing additional terms and conditions on the existing parenting time schedule; or

(C)Ordering additional parenting time, in the best interests of the child, to compensate for wrongful deprivation of parenting time;

(b)Order the party who is violating the parenting plan provisions to post bond or security;

(c)Order either or both parties to attend counseling or educational sessions that focus on the impact of violation of the parenting plan on children;

(d)Award the prevailing party expenses, including, but not limited to, attorney fees, filing fees and court costs, incurred in enforcing the party’s parenting plan;

(e)Terminate, suspend or modify spousal support;

(f)Terminate, suspend or modify child support as provided in ORS 107.431 (Modification of portion of judgment regarding parenting time or child support)or

(g)Schedule a hearing for modification of custody as provided in ORS 107.135 (Vacation or modification of judgment)(11). [1997 c.707 §3; 2003 c.116 §6; 2003 c.737 §§50,51; 2005 c.702 §§57,58,59; 2007 c.493 §14]

Note: Section 4 (17), chapter 659, Oregon Laws 2009, provides:

Sec. 4. (17) In addition to the fee provided for in ORS 107.434(Expedited parenting time enforcement procedure) (1), for the period commencing October 1, 2009, and ending June 30, 2011, the clerk of the court shall collect a surcharge of $3 upon the filing of a motion seeking enforcement of a parenting time order or a substantial violation of a parenting plan. [2009 c.659 §4(17)]

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UTAH:

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[Introduced][Amended][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

H.B. 197 Enrolled

             1     

CUSTODIAL INTERFERENCE AMENDMENTS

             2     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Carl Wimmer

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

             6      
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the Utah Criminal Code and the Uniform Driver License Act in
             10      relation to the crime of custodial interference.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    enacts a modified version of the crime of custodial interference;
             15          .    provides that custodial interference is:
             16              .    except as otherwise provided in this bill, a class B misdemeanor;
             17              .    a class A misdemeanor if the actor was previously convicted of custodial
             18      interference at least twice in the two-year period preceding the latest
             19      commission; or
             20              .    a felony of the third degree if, during the course of the custodial interference,
             21      the actor removes, causes the removal, or directs the removal of the child from
             22      the state;
             23          .    creates affirmative defenses to the crime of custodial interference; and
             24          .    imposes a driver license suspension upon a person convicted of custodial
             25      interference.
             26      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             27          None
             28      Other Special Clauses:
             29          None


             30      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             31      AMENDS:
             32          53-3-220, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapters 105, 291, 328, and 353
             33      ENACTS:
             34          76-5-303.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35      REPEALS AND REENACTS:
             36          76-5-303, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 255
             37      
             38      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             39          Section 1. Section 53-3-220 is amended to read:
             40           53-3-220. Offenses requiring mandatory revocation, denial, suspension, or
             41      disqualification of license -- Offense requiring an extension of period -- Hearing --
             42      Limited driving privileges.
             43          (1) (a) The division shall immediately revoke or, when this chapter [or], Title 41,
             44      Chapter 6a, Traffic Code, or Section 76-5-303 , specifically provides for denial, suspension, or
             45      disqualification, the division shall deny, suspend, or disqualify the license of a person upon
             46      receiving a record of the person's conviction for:
             47          (i) manslaughter or negligent homicide resulting from driving a motor vehicle, or
             48      automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 or 76-5-207.5 ;
             49          (ii) driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while under the
             50      influence of alcohol, any drug, or combination of them to a degree that renders the person
             51      incapable of safely driving a motor vehicle as prohibited in Section 41-6a-502 or as prohibited
             52      in an ordinance that complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1);
             53          (iii) driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having a blood
             54      or breath alcohol content as prohibited in Section 41-6a-502 or as prohibited in an ordinance
             55      that complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1);
             56          (iv) perjury or the making of a false affidavit to the division under this chapter, Title
             57      41, Motor Vehicles, or any other law of this state requiring the registration of motor vehicles


             58      or regulating driving on highways;
             59          (v) any felony under the motor vehicle laws of this state;
             60          (vi) any other felony in which a motor vehicle is used to facilitate the offense;
             61          (vii) failure to stop and render aid as required under the laws of this state if a motor
             62      vehicle accident results in the death or personal injury of another;
             63          (viii) two charges of reckless driving, impaired driving, or any combination of reckless
             64      driving and impaired driving committed within a period of 12 months; but if upon a first
             65      conviction of reckless driving or impaired driving the judge or justice recommends suspension
             66      of the convicted person's license, the division may after a hearing suspend the license for a
             67      period of three months;
             68          (ix) failure to bring a motor vehicle to a stop at the command of a peace officer as
             69      required in Section 41-6a-210 ;
             70          (x) any offense specified in Part 4, Uniform Commercial Driver License Act, that
             71      requires disqualification;
             72          (xi) a felony violation of Section 76-10-508 or 76-10-508.1 involving discharging or
             73      allowing the discharge of a firearm from a vehicle;
             74          (xii) using, allowing the use of, or causing to be used any explosive, chemical, or
             75      incendiary device from a vehicle in violation of Subsection 76-10-306 (4)(b);
             76          (xiii) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having any
             77      measurable controlled substance or metabolite of a controlled substance in the person's body in
             78      violation of Section 41-6a-517 ;
             79          (xiv) until July 30, 2015, operating or being in actual physical control of a motor
             80      vehicle while having any alcohol in the person's body in violation of Section 53-3-232 ;
             81          (xv) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having any
             82      measurable or detectable amount of alcohol in the person's body in violation of Section
             83      41-6a-530 ;
             84          (xvi) engaging in a motor vehicle speed contest or exhibition of speed on a highway in
             85      violation of Section 41-6a-606 ; [or]


             86          (xvii) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle in this state
             87      without an ignition interlock system in violation of Section 41-6a-518.2 [.]; or
             88          (xviii) custodial interference, under:
             89          (A) Subsection 76-5-303 (3), which suspension shall be for a period of 30 days, unless
             90      the court provides the division with an order of suspension for a shorter period of time;
             91          (B) Subsection 76-5-303 (4), which suspension shall be for a period of 90 days, unless
             92      the court provides the division with an order of suspension for a shorter period of time; or
             93          (C) Subsection 76-5-303 (5), which suspension shall be for a period of 180 days,
             94      unless the court provides the division with an order of suspension for a shorter period of time.
             95          (b) The division shall immediately revoke the license of a person upon receiving a
             96      record of an adjudication under Title 78A, Chapter 6, Juvenile Court Act of 1996, for:
             97          (i) a felony violation of Section 76-10-508 or 76-10-508.1 involving discharging or
             98      allowing the discharge of a firearm from a vehicle; or
             99          (ii) using, allowing the use of, or causing to be used any explosive, chemical, or
             100      incendiary device from a vehicle in violation of Subsection 76-10-306 (4)(b).
             101          (c) Except when action is taken under Section 53-3-219 for the same offense, the
             102      division shall immediately suspend for six months the license of a person upon receiving a
             103      record of conviction for:
             104          (i) any violation of:
             105          (A) Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             106          (B) Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             107          (C) Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act;
             108          (D) Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act; or
             109          (E) Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act; or
             110          (ii) any criminal offense that prohibits:
             111          (A) possession, distribution, manufacture, cultivation, sale, or transfer of any
             112      substance that is prohibited under the acts described in Subsection (1)(c)(i); or
             113          (B) the attempt or conspiracy to possess, distribute, manufacture, cultivate, sell, or


             114      transfer any substance that is prohibited under the acts described in Subsection (1)(c)(i).
             115          (d) (i) The division shall immediately suspend a person's driver license for conviction
             116      of the offense of theft of motor vehicle fuel under Section 76-6-404.7 if the division receives:
             117          (A) an order from the sentencing court requiring that the person's driver license be
             118      suspended; and
             119          (B) a record of the conviction.
             120          (ii) An order of suspension under this section is at the discretion of the sentencing
             121      court, and may not be for more than 90 days for each offense.
             122          (e) (i) The division shall immediately suspend for one year the license of a person
             123      upon receiving a record of:
             124          (A) conviction for the first time for a violation under Section 32A-12-223 ; or
             125          (B) an adjudication under Title 78A, Chapter 6, Juvenile Court Act of 1996, for a
             126      violation under Section 32A-12-223 .
             127          (ii) The division shall immediately suspend for a period of two years the license of a
             128      person upon receiving a record of:
             129          (A) (I) conviction for a second or subsequent violation under Section 32A-12-223 ; and
             130          (II) the violation described in Subsection (1)(e)(ii)(A)(I) is within 10 years of a prior
             131      conviction for a violation under Section 32A-12-223 ; or
             132          (B) (I) a second or subsequent adjudication under Title 78A, Chapter 6, Juvenile Court
             133      Act of 1996, for a violation under Section 32A-12-223 ; and
             134          (II) the adjudication described in Subsection (1)(e)(ii)(B)(I) is within 10 years of a
             135      prior adjudication under Title 78A, Chapter 6, Juvenile Court Act of 1996, for a violation
             136      under Section 32A-12-223 .
             137          (iii) Upon receipt of a record under Subsection (1)(e)(i) or (ii), the division shall:
             138          (A) for a conviction or adjudication described in Subsection (1)(e)(i):
             139          (I) impose a suspension for one year beginning on the date of conviction; or
             140          (II) if the person is under the age of eligibility for a driver license, impose a suspension
             141      that begins on the date of conviction and continues for one year beginning on the date of


             142      eligibility for a driver license; or
             143          (B) for a conviction or adjudication described in Subsection (1)(e)(ii):
             144          (I) impose a suspension for a period of two years; or
             145          (II) if the person is under the age of eligibility for a driver license, impose a suspension
             146      that begins on the date of conviction and continues for two years beginning on the date of
             147      eligibility for a driver license.
             148          (2) The division shall extend the period of the first denial, suspension, revocation, or
             149      disqualification for an additional like period, to a maximum of one year for each subsequent
             150      occurrence, upon receiving:
             151          (a) a record of the conviction of any person on a charge of driving a motor vehicle
             152      while the person's license is denied, suspended, revoked, or disqualified;
             153          (b) a record of a conviction of the person for any violation of the motor vehicle law in
             154      which the person was involved as a driver;
             155          (c) a report of an arrest of the person for any violation of the motor vehicle law in
             156      which the person was involved as a driver; or
             157          (d) a report of an accident in which the person was involved as a driver.
             158          (3) When the division receives a report under Subsection (2)(c) or (d) that a person is
             159      driving while the person's license is denied, suspended, disqualified, or revoked, the person is
             160      entitled to a hearing regarding the extension of the time of denial, suspension, disqualification,
             161      or revocation originally imposed under Section 53-3-221 .
             162          (4) (a) The division may extend to a person the limited privilege of driving a motor
             163      vehicle to and from the person's place of employment or within other specified limits on
             164      recommendation of the judge in any case where a person is convicted of any of the offenses
             165      referred to in Subsections (1) and (2) except:
             166          (i) automobile homicide under Subsection (1)(a)(i);
             167          (ii) those offenses referred to in Subsections (1)(a)(ii), [(a)](iii), [(a)](xi), [(a)](xii),
             168      [(a)](xiii), (1)(b), and (1)(c); and
             169          (iii) those offenses referred to in Subsection (2) when the original denial, suspension,


             170      revocation, or disqualification was imposed because of a violation of Section 41-6a-502 ,
             171      41-6a-517 , a local ordinance which complies with the requirements of Subsection
             172      41-6a-510 (1), Section 41-6a-520 , or Section 76-5-207 , or a criminal prohibition that the
             173      person was charged with violating as a result of a plea bargain after having been originally
             174      charged with violating one or more of these sections or ordinances, unless:
             175          (A) the person has had the period of the first denial, suspension, revocation, or
             176      disqualification extended for a period of at least three years;
             177          (B) the division receives written verification from the person's primary care physician
             178      that:
             179          (I) to the physician's knowledge the person has not used any narcotic drug or other
             180      controlled substance except as prescribed by a licensed medical practitioner within the last
             181      three years; and
             182          (II) the physician is not aware of any physical, emotional, or mental impairment that
             183      would affect the person's ability to operate a motor vehicle safely; and
             184          (C) for a period of one year prior to the date of the request for a limited driving
             185      privilege:
             186          (I) the person has not been convicted of a violation of any motor vehicle law in which
             187      the person was involved as the operator of the vehicle;
             188          (II) the division has not received a report of an arrest for a violation of any motor
             189      vehicle law in which the person was involved as the operator of the vehicle; and
             190          (III) the division has not received a report of an accident in which the person was
             191      involved as an operator of a vehicle.
             192          (b) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (4)(b)(ii), the discretionary privilege
             193      authorized in this Subsection (4):
             194          (A) is limited to when undue hardship would result from a failure to grant the
             195      privilege; and
             196          (B) may be granted only once to any person during any single period of denial,
             197      suspension, revocation, or disqualification, or extension of that denial, suspension, revocation,


             198      or disqualification.
             199          (ii) The discretionary privilege authorized in Subsection (4)(a)(iii):
             200          (A) is limited to when the limited privilege is necessary for the person to commute to
             201      school or work; and
             202          (B) may be granted only once to any person during any single period of denial,
             203      suspension, revocation, or disqualification, or extension of that denial, suspension, revocation,
             204      or disqualification.
             205          (c) A limited CDL may not be granted to a person disqualified under Part 4, Uniform
             206      Commercial Driver License Act, or whose license has been revoked, suspended, cancelled, or
             207      denied under this chapter.
             208          Section 2. Section 76-5-303 is repealed and reenacted to read:
             209          76-5-303. Custodial interference.
             210          (1) As used in this section:
             211          (a) "Child" means a person under the age of 18.
             212          (b) "Custody" means court-ordered physical custody entered by a court of competent
             213      jurisdiction.
             214          (c) "Visitation" means court-ordered parent-time or visitation entered by a court of
             215      competent jurisdiction.
             216          (2) (a) A person who is entitled to custody of a child is guilty of custodial interference
             217      if, during a period of time when another person is entitled to visitation of the child, the person
             218      takes, entices, conceals, detains, or withholds the child from the person entitled to visitation of
             219      the child, with the intent to interfere with the visitation of the child.
             220          (b) A person who is entitled to visitation of a child is guilty of custodial interference
             221      if, during a period of time when the person is not entitled to visitation of the child, the person
             222      takes, entices, conceals, detains, or withholds the child from a person who is entitled to
             223      custody of the child, with the intent to interfere with the custody of the child.
             224          (3) Except as provided in Subsection (4) or (5), custodial interference is a class B
             225      misdemeanor.


             226          (4) Except as provided in Subsection (5), the actor described in Subsection (2) is
             227      guilty of a class A misdemeanor if the actor:
             228          (a) commits custodial interference; and
             229          (b) has been convicted of custodial interference at least twice in the two-year period
             230      immediately preceding the day on which the commission of custodial interference described in
             231      Subsection (4)(a) occurs.
             232          (5) Custodial interference is a felony of the third degree if, during the course of the
             233      custodial interference, the actor described in Subsection (2) removes, causes the removal, or
             234      directs the removal of the child from the state.
             235          (6) In addition to the affirmative defenses described in Section 76-5-305 , it is an
             236      affirmative defense to the crime of custodial interference that:
             237          (a) the action is consented to by the person whose custody or visitation of the child
             238      was interfered with; or
             239          (b) (i) the action is based on a reasonable belief that the action is necessary to protect a
             240      child from abuse, including sexual abuse; and
             241          (ii) before engaging in the action, the person reports the person's intention to engage in
             242      the action, and the basis for the belief described in Subsection (6)(b)(i), to the Division of
             243      Child and Family Services or law enforcement.
             244          (7) In addition to the other penalties described in this section, a person who is
             245      convicted of custodial interference is subject to the driver license suspension provisions of
             246      Subsection 53-3-220 (1)(a)(xviii).
             247          Section 3. Section 76-5-303.5 is enacted to read:
             248          76-5-303.5. Notification of conviction of custodial interference.
             249          (1) As used in this section:
             250          (a) "Convicted" means that a person has received a conviction.
             251          (b) "Conviction" is as defined in Section 53-3-102 .
             252          (2) If a person is convicted of custodial interference under Section 76-5-303 , the court
             253      shall notify the Driver License Division, created in Section 53-3-103 , of the conviction, and


             254      whether the conviction is for:
             255          (a) a class B misdemeanor, under Subsection 76-5-303 (3);
             256          (b) a class A misdemeanor, under Subsection 76-5-303 (4); or
             257          (c) a felony, under Subsection 76-5-303 (5).





 Illinois Protects Visitation

Father
Illinois took a big step to protect visitation of non-custodial parents. Legislation is on its way to becoming a law that will provide sanctions and remedies for impeding visitation of the non-custodial parent similar to that of child support non-compliance. SB3823 passed the Senate (51-0-0) and the House (107-0-2). It is awaiting Governor Pat Quinn’s signature.

Studies show that children who grow up without both parents suffer greater risk of drop-out rates/academic failure, criminal behavior, drug use, early sexual activity/pregnancy, suicide, and violence. This legislation sends a strong message that the psychological well-being of a child is as important as the physical well-being.

SB 3823 brings remedies and sanctions for visitation interference closer to that of child support non-compliance. It provides judges additional tools that they may choose to use, including:
  • Allowing for the suspension of driver’s license
  • Allowing for probation
  • Allowing for imprisonment not to exceed 6 months
  • Allowing for the finding of a petty offence and fines of no more than $500 per offense
Illinois has company in protecting visitation orders. Five states suspend licenses: Michigan, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Utah. Six states incarcerate: Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Nevada, Pennsylvania, and Texas. 

For this to work, the non-custodial parent needs to start filing for visitation interference in the family courts and specifically ask for these measures. Also, the non-custodial parent should call the police each time interference occurs and insist they file a criminal complaint under 720 ILCS 5/10-5.5. The police officer may tell you this is a civil matter, but under this legislation it is a criminal complaint.

Robert Ferrer of Illinois Fathers researched other states and provided the documentation on visitation abuse to the legislature. Michael D. Gerhardt, partner, Gerhardt & Haskins, LLP, as well as members of Illinois Fathers, testified before the Illinois House and Senate to promote this protection of visitation orders.

Senator John M. Sullivan and Representatives Constance A. Howard, Sidney H. Mathias, Robert W. Pritchard, Ann Williams, and Michael J. Zalewski sponsored the legislation. 


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